Anime adaptation of the 2013 remake of the 1989 AliceSoft adult PC game Rance 01.
What are the main differences between plant and animal cells?
Both animal and plant cells are very similar, as they both are characterized as eukaryotic but they also have many differences.
Let's take a look at some of them. Organelles Chloroplasts Plants posses many organelles that animal cells do not, and vice-versa.
Chloroplasts, the organelles responsible for giving pants the green pigment are only present in plant cells.
The main function of chloroplasts is to sustain the process of photosynthesis.
Animal cells have mitochondria which convert glucose into energy, just like the chloroplasts convert sunlight into energy and store that energy.
(Feel free to request a response from me on an in depth look at photosynthesis and/or cellular respiration.) Cell Walls Another organelle that Animal cells lack and plant cells posses are cell walls.
Cell walls give plants much more durability and stability than animals.
A primary component of the cell wall is cellulose, a complex carbohydrate that serves as protection and stability in plants Large Vacuoles Large vacuoles in plant cells serve as storage of food and water for the plant.
its important to note that plant cells lack lysosomes, organelles in animal cells responsible for digesting and disposing of old organelles, dangerous chemicals and viruses and bacteria.
Since plant cells lack these organelles, their large vacuoles serve as a ‘container’ for all the bad things within the cell. Additionally, plants have a much less diverse selection of specialized cells.
For example, plant cells do not have sensory nervous cells which allow humans to feel sensations and move independently.
Difference between plant and animal cells are:- i) Cell (plant cells vs animal cells) Plants: Cell wall: The plant cells have cell wall made of cellulose outside the plasma membrane Chloroplast: Plants are green in colour due to the presence of chlorophyll in the chloroplast. Vacuoles: Plant cells have large vacuoles filled with sap. Centrosome: Centrosome with centrioles absent. Animals: Cell wall is absent and only plasma membrane is present. Chloroplasts are absent in animal cells.
Animals have no chlorophyll. Vacuoles are absent. Centrioles with centrioles present. HOPE THIS HELPS!!
The main, obvious difference is that plants in general carry out photosynthesis using an organelle called a chloroplast.
They convert (sun)light into chemical energy, glucose.
Plants use this chemical energy to grow and reproduce and to feed their neighbor animal cells.
Animals can not carry out photosynthesis.
They depend on plants for food somewhere in their food chain. In general animals are motile.
Animal cells are “flexible”, without a rigid exterior.
Plants have cell walls, a rigid exterior.
This can be used like bricks to build strong structures during growth.
It is also used to retain pressure inside the cell that likewise aids in the rigid plant structure. That’s a couple of differences.
I am sure there are more you can find.
Think about how can plant cells grow, divide and reproduce with such a rigid exterior.